این سایت سعی دارد سایت های برتر سراسر ایران را معرفی کند ما با نمایش دادن پیش نمایشی از سایت، کاربران را به دیدن کامل مطالب سایت های معرفی شده دعوت میکنیم فلذا هیچ لینک، عکس، و متنی از سایت های معرفی شده کپی نمیشود.

    anonymous

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    2. مطالب سایت

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    Anonymous (hacker group)

    Anonymous (hacker group)

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    For the concept, see Anonymity.

    Anonymous

    An emblem that is commonly associated with Anonymous. The "man without a head" represents anonymity and leaderless organization.[1]

    Individuals appearing in public as Anonymous, wearing Guy Fawkes masks.

    Formation c. 2003 Type

    Multiple-use name/avatar

    Virtual community

    Voluntary association

    Purpose

    Anti-cyber-surveillance

    Anti-cyber-censorship

    Internet activism

    Internet vigilantism

    Membership Decentralized affinity group

    Part of a series on Computer hacking History

    Hacker culture and ethic

    Conferences Computer crime Hacking tools Practice sites Malware Computer security Groups Publications vte

    Anonymous is a decentralized international activist and hacktivist collective and movement primarily known for its various cyberattacks against several governments, government institutions and government agencies, corporations and the Church of Scientology.

    Anonymous originated in 2003 on the imageboard 4chan representing the concept of many online and offline community users simultaneously existing as an "anarchic", digitized "global brain" or "hivemind".[2][3][4] Anonymous members (known as ) can sometimes be distinguished in public by the wearing of Guy Fawkes masks in the style portrayed in the graphic novel and film .[5] Some anons also opt to mask their voices through voice changers or text-to-speech programs.

    In its early form, the concept was adopted by a decentralized online community acting anonymously in a coordinated manner, usually toward a loosely self-agreed goal and primarily focused on entertainment. Beginning with Project Chanology in 2008—a series of protests, pranks, and hacks targeting the Church of Scientology—the Anonymous collective became increasingly associated with collaborative hacktivism on a number of issues internationally. Individuals claiming to align themselves with Anonymous undertook protests and other actions (including direct action)[] in retaliation against copyright-focused campaigns by motion picture and recording industry trade associations. Later targets of Anonymous hacktivism included government agencies of the United States, Israel, Tunisia, Uganda and others; the Islamic State; child pornography sites; copyright protection agencies; the Westboro Baptist Church; and corporations such as PayPal, MasterCard, Visa, and Sony. Anonymous has publicly supported WikiLeaks and the Occupy movement. Related groups LulzSec and Operation AntiSec carried out cyberattacks on U.S. government agencies, media, companies, military contractors, military personnel, and police officers, resulting in increased attention of law enforcement toward the groups' activities.[]

    Dozens of people have been arrested for involvement in Anonymous cyberattacks in countries including the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, the Netherlands, Spain, India, and Turkey. Evaluations of the group's actions and effectiveness vary widely. Supporters have called the group "freedom fighters"[6] and digital Robin Hoods,[7] while critics have described them as "a cyber lynch-mob"[8] or "cyber terrorists".[9] In 2012, called Anonymous one of the "100 most influential people" in the world.[10] Anonymous' media profile diminished by 2018,[11][12] but the group re-emerged in 2020 to support the George Floyd protests and other causes.[13][14]

    Contents

    1 Philosophy 2 History

    2.1 4chan raids (2003–2007)

    2.2 Encyclopedia Dramatica (2004–present)

    2.3 Project Chanology (2008)

    2.4 Operation Payback (2010)

    2.5 2011–2012 2.6 2013 2.7 2014 2.8 2015 2.9 2016 2.10 2020 2.11 2021 2.12 2022

    2.12.1 Operation Russia

    2.12.2 Iranian Protests

    3 Related groups 3.1 LulzSec 3.2 AntiSec

    4 Arrests and trials

    4.1 Operation Avenge Assange

    5 Analysis 6 Media portrayal 7 See also 8 References 8.1 Notes 8.2 Citations 8.3 Bibliography 9 External links

    Philosophy

    Long-standing political question that has gone unanswered with often tragic consequences for social movements. This is an Internet-based, non-extremist, socialist community movement that looks for answers to questions that are unanswered.[15]

    Internal dissent is also a regular feature of the group.[16] A website associated with the group describes it as "an Internet gathering" with "a very loose and decentralized command structure that operates on ideas rather than directives".[16] Gabriella Coleman writes of the group: "In some ways, it may be impossible to gauge the intent and motive of thousands of participants, many of who don't even bother to leave a trace of their thoughts, motivations, and reactions. Among those that do, opinions vary considerably."[17]

    Broadly speaking, Anons oppose Internet censorship and control and the majority of their actions target governments, organizations, and corporations that they accuse of censorship. Anons were early supporters of the global Occupy movement and the Arab Spring.[18] Since 2008, a frequent subject of disagreement within Anonymous is whether members should focus on pranking and entertainment or more serious (and, in some cases, political) activism.[19][20]

    منبع مطلب : en.wikipedia.org

    منبع مطلب : chromewebdata

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